Commemorating the First World War in the Former Yugoslavia


Božidar Jezernik, Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta; Vijoleta Herman Kaurić, Hrvaški inštitut za zgodovino; Ljiljana Dobrovšak, Institute of social sciences Ivo Pilar; Danilo Šarenac, Institute for Contemporary History, Belgrade; Nenad Lajbenšperger, Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia; Stevan Mačković, Istorijski arhiv Subotica; Ines Crvenkovska Risteska, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje; Ljupčo Risteski, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje; František Šístek, Institute of History of the Czech Academy of Sciences; Amra Čusto, Institute for the Protection of Cultural-Historical and Natural Heritage, Sarajevo; Marko Vukičević, Hrvatski institut za povijest; Petra Svoljšak, Zgodovinski inštitut Milka Kosa, ZRC SAZU; Vito Hazler, Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta

Ključne besede:

prva svetovna vojna, Jugoslavija

Kratka vsebina

The First World War, as the first industrial war in history, also proved to be an extremely important milestone in the social development of the Old Continent. The assertion of the nation-state principle as the most “natural” form of organisation of political and social life became the norm. The old empires (the Russian, the Ottoman, the Habsburg, and the German) disintegrated, and on their ruins new nation-states emerged, including the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. On the one hand, the establishment of a nation-state was celebrated as the realisation of the ultimate goal of all nationalist movements, and so in 1918 many rejoiced that with its creation a “centuries-old dream” had come true. However, the First World War, which made possible the establishment of the first nation-state in which the majority of South Slavs were united in one state for the first time in history, proved to be and the Construction of Yugoslav Identity too great an obstacle. The division and mistrust in the interwar period, coupled with a one-sided focus on one’s own right, proved to be such an obstacle that the leaders of the time who spearheaded the unification process were unable to overcome it. Instead of striving for common goals, they prioritised the assertion of particular attitudes and interests.


  • Memorial Heritage of the First World War and the Construction of Yugoslav Identity
    Božidar Jezernik
  • Cleaning Up the Battlefield. The Serbian Army and its War Dead (1914–1918)
    Danilo Šarenac
  • Financing Yugoslav First World War Memorials
    Nenad Lajbenšperger
  • The First World War Cemeteries and Monuments in Subotica (1914–2021)
    Stevan Mačković
  • The First World War Monuments and Memorial Heritage in Macedonia
    Ines Crvenkovska Risteska, Ljupčo Risteski
  • Monuments and Commemorations of Fallen Soldiers from the First World War in Montenegro, 1918-1941
    František Šístek
  • The Politics of Remembrance of the First World War and Monuments in Bosnia-Herzegovina
    Amra Čusto
  • The Forgotten Heritage of the First World War in Croatia
    Ljiljana Dobrovšak
  • Public Memorials and Monuments from the First World War Period in Zagreb: Lost Signs of the Great War
    Marko Vukičević
  • The Battle for Commemorating the First World War Centenary in Croatia
    Vijoleta Herman Kaurić
  • Slovenian Remembrance Landscape in a Centenial Perspective
    Petra Svoljšak
  • Graves Were Tended and Monuments Were Erected to Soldiers after the First World War
    Vito Hazler
  • Commemorating Fallen Slovenian Soldiers in Austro-Hungarian Uniforms and the Yugoslav Idea
    Božidar Jezernik


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January 4, 2024